This time of year many throughout the state of Florida as well as the rest of the country turn their attention to the U.S. Supreme Court and the cases that they have selected to hear. This year, one of the most highly anticipated cases is the one regarding Arizona v. United States. The case concerns Arizona's immigration law titled S.B. 1070. It is slated to be heard by the court on April 25, 2012.
The law, which was passed in April 2010, makes it a requirement for those who are 15-years-old and older, from other countries but in the U.S. for over 30 days, to register with the federal government and keep those registration papers on their person at all times. In addition, when during the course of a lawful stop, law enforcement officers suspect a person of being in the country without authorization, they are required to attempt to determine the immigration status of that person.
Shortly after the law passed, it was challenged by the Obama administration based on the allegation that is was not constitutional. A petition to the Supreme Court arrived from the state of Arizona after the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th District affirmed an injunction barring portions of the law.
The law has support on both sides. Amicus briefs in support of the law were filed by many, including 16 states and 56 members of Congress. Those who filed briefs in opposition of the law include 11 states, 68 members of Congress and 17 foreign countries.
The outcome of this case is highly relevant to other states such as Georgia and Alabama that have since passed similar laws. We will follow up with more information on the court's decision once it is available.
Source: The Florida Independent, "Immigrant advocates prepare for Supreme Court fight over Arizona's crackdown," Marcos Restrepo, April 4, 2012